Advanced Waterflooding

Program Objectives


This 5-day course presents advanced waterflooding concepts and builds upon the fundamental understanding learned in the basic waterflooding class. The course covers the fundamentals of waterflood management and illustrates the proper workflow for waterflood analysis and optimization. Practical waterflooding techniques are discussed. The hands-on use of streamline analysis for waterflood optimization and understanding is used throughout the course. In addition, students are encouraged to present case studies for their own fields for general discussion during the class.
Course Outline
Day 1
  • Basic Waterflooding Concepts 
    • Reservoir Mechanisms 
    • Darcy’s Law 
    • Fractional Flow 
    • Frontal Advance 
    • Unit-Displacement Efficiency 
    • Waterflood Forecasting Techniques 
Day 2
  • Reservoir Management 
    • Reservoir Life Cycle 
    • Timing of Waterflood Start-up 
    • Basic Guidelines 
    • Pattern Selection 
    • Case Study: Prudhoe Bay 
  • Workflow for Waterflood Analysis and Optimization 
    • Analysis of Historical Field Performance 
Day 3
  • Effective Fluids Management 
    • Corrosion Control and Monitoring 
  • Streamlines in Reservoir Modeling 
    • Overview 
    • Injector-Producer Connections 
    • Rate Allocation
    • Case Study: NWFB – Prudhoe (SPE 63152)


Day 4

  • Reservoir Description 
    • Waterflood Performance in Various Geological Environments 
    • Vertical Heterogeneity 
    • Vertical Sweep Calculation 
    • Case Study: Western Siberia 
  • Relative Permeability
    • Imbibition vs. Drainage 
    • Mobility ratio 
    • Hysteresis 
    • Three-Phase Relative Permeability 
Day 5
  • Practical Waterflooding Considerations Case Studies 
    • Operating Procedures 
    • Well Testing 
    • Pilot Tests 
    • Exam